Types of Strokes

There are various methods of swimming within each style and as we all know many different styles are available. In this article will cover some of the most common styles and how they work.

Front Crawl

Dolphin Crawl – this style is commonly used while training and involves keeping both your feet together and kicking twice per cycle.

Catch Up – this is a well-known competitive swimming method and involves resting one arm out in front of you while the other arm completes a stroke.

Head High – is a stroke commonly used for lifeguards and water polo as ever allows the athlete to see the direction he is swimming in. This allows lifeguard to see the people in need and sports such as polo to get to the ball faster. This technique includes holding your head above the water and seeing in front of you. This technique might slow you down, but definitely useful with some requirements.


The only way this method differs from the front crawl is that you use your feet to kick individually. This is very similar to the type of kick used with breaststroke. Side kick trudgen crawl is similar to front crawl, but with scissor kick and sides alternating. Double trudgen is very similar to normal trudgen, but with flutter between scissor kicks.

Types of Strokes


Butterfly stroke is very common and involves a dolphin style kick with your face in the water and arms working together at the same time. Slow butterfly is the only style within this technique and requires you to breathe during the pull and push phase. The style includes two kicks for every cycle.


Is performed with both arms completing a stroke simultaneously and the feet performing a whip-kick. Breathing takes place between strokes as your head will lift out of the water. The style is also commonly used in competitions.


This is very similar to the front crawl, but takes place while on your back. With each stroke, you extend past your head with one arm at a time. The other arm will stay rested by your side until the stroke is complete.

Elementary backstroke – the style includes both your arms completing a stroke simultaneously. You begin with both arms extended out on either side, reaching back past your head and pushing you forward. The strike is also completed with a whip-kick.

Inverted butterfly – this is similar to elementary backstroke, but instead of a whip-kick, you will perform a dolphin kick.


This is yet another fairly common method. The stroke is completed while on your side and pushing water with a rope pulling like motion. The idea is to push large volumes of water away from the beginning point and also performing a scissor kick.

Sidestroke is used with lifeguards in the attempt to rescue another swimmer. This involves only one hand with another holding on to the swimmer being rescued.